In the modeled case study of these four cities, all located on major U.S. fault lines, Los Angeles (not the smaller cities) would fare the best on a relative basis because it’s a better-built environment with stronger seismic building codes and practices. Conversely, Memphis, would experience average building damage ratios eight times larger than that of LA, and would experience nearly eight times the rate of fatal injuries.
Why? In natural disasters of any kind, it’s all about resiliency or the ability of a community to survive and then bounce back from disaster — and resiliency is directly related to the quality of the built environment, building codes and record of enforcement.
This and more is revealed in a recent report: Impact 2011: Examining a Year of Catastrophes Through the Lens of Resiliency, created by WeatherPredict Consulting Inc. on behalf of the Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH)®. The report examines both hypothetical and real disasters to better understand how strong built environments underpin resilience.
The report concludes that in the context of history, 2011 was an infamous year in terms of death, injuries and property destruction, but goes on to point out that the story is still unfolding as affected communities either recover, remain diminished or perish altogether.
When people survive and communities endure after disasters, it is because things were done ahead of time, on purpose to prevent damage and loss. Resilience after disaster is not possible without adoption and enforcement of modern, model building codes. We must act now before the next disaster strikes.
A Review of Major 2011 Events
The year began with floods and cyclones in Australia, and in the U.S. spring flooding, severe tornado activity, wildfires, a widely felt earthquake and Hurricane Irene. Even as 2011 comes to a close, additional catastrophic events have unfolded in Thailand and again in Christchurch. Some of the many events analyzed in the report are listed below.
- U.S. Groundhog Day blizzard – 36 deaths/$2 billion
- Christchurch, New Zealand M6.3 earthquake – 181 deaths/$25 billion
- Tohoku, Japan M9.0 earthquake and tsunami – 15,703 deaths/4,647 missing/$300 billion
- U.S. tornadoes – 571 deaths/3,533 injuries/$24 billion
- Texas, New Mexico and Arizona wildfires – 6,000 structures lost/$9 billion
- Virginia M5.8 earthquake – one of the largest in the region – $91 million
- North Carolina to Vermont Hurricane Irene – 45 deaths/$7 to $10 billion
We know that 2011 was a record year for disasters. What remains to be seen is whether 2012 will a record year for recovery. The key is resilience. Where there is resilience, recovery will follow — and quickly.
For a copy of Impact 2011: Examining a Year of Catastrophes Through the Lens of Resiliency, visit www.flash.org/download.php?id=230.
FLASH wishes you and your families a safe, warm and festive holiday season and New Year!
President and CEO FLASH